|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||111,536,668|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||86,169,114|
Effects of Harvest Date on Apple Fruit Quality at Harvesting and After Cold Storage
|International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology|
|مقاله 2، دوره 4، شماره 1، شهریور 2017، صفحه 21-27 اصل مقاله (394.5 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/ijhst.2018.210156.134|
|Mina Mohebi1؛ Mesbah Babalar* 1؛ Mohammad Ali Askari1؛ Alireza Talaei1؛ Allen.V. Barker2|
|1Department of Horticultural Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.|
|2Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA.|
|Different dates for apples fruit harvest (Malus domestica Borkh. Cv. Fuji) were studied to determine physiochemical changes during the storage. Fuji apples were harvested from 9 September till 23 October, at five different times and stored at 0±0.5 °C and 95% relative humidity for 120 days. To determine the best harvest date for maximum quality and storability, physical and chemical parameters were measured at each harvesting time and after 40-day periods until the end of 120 days of storage. Results showed that, the fruit quality parameters at harvest and after storage, depends on the degree of the ripeness at which the apples were harvested. Fruits from the first harvest, were firmest before and after storage and had the lowest phenolic compounds at the end of storage. First, second and third harvest date samples, had a decrease in phenolic content and total antioxidants activity during storage, but the fourth and fifth harvested fruits were opposite. Total soluble solids and Titrable acidity were affected by the harvest date and duration of storage. First and second harvest date samples showed an increase in total soluble solids during 120 days of storage but it was opposite in third, fourth and fifth harvested samples. The fifth harvest date samples characterized with oblate fruit shape and high weight loss during storage.|
|Harvest date؛ Mauls domestica؛ Storage؛ Total antioxidant activity (TAA)؛ Total phenolic content؛ Quality parameters|
Al- Obeed R, Harhash M. 2006. Impact of postharvest treatments on storage life and quality of "Mixican" Lime. International Journal of Advance Agricultural Research 11, 533-549.
Banarus M, Lownds N.K, Bosland P.W. 1994. Relationship of physical properties to postharvest water loss in pepper fruit (Capsicum annuum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 26, 321 -26.
Bokhari S. 2002. Apple the sweet gold of Pakistan. Export Promotion Bureau of Pakistan 5, 2- 15.
Defilippi B, Dandekar A.M, Kader A. 2004. Impact of suppression of ethylene action or biosynthesis on flavor metabolites in apple (Malus domestica Borkh) fruits. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 52, 5694-5701.
DeLong J.M, Prange R.K, Harison P.A, Shofild R.A, DeEll R.J. 1999. Using the Streif index as a fial harvest window for controlled-atmosphere storage apples. Horticultural Science 34, 1251-1255.
Duda-Chodak A, Tarko T. 2007. Antioxidant properties of different fruit seeds and peels. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technologia Alimentaria 6, 29-36.
Faniadis D, Drogoudi P.D, Vasilakakis M. 2010. Effects of cultivar, orchard elevation and storage on fruit quality characters of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Scientia horticulturae 125, 301-304.
Farooq R.A, Khan I. 2012. Physico- Chemical Quality Of Apple cv. Gala fruit Stored At Low Temprature. FUUAST Journal of Biology 2, 103-107.
Gavalheiro O.J, Santos A, Recasens I, Larrigancliere C, Silvestre A. 2003. Quality of the postuguese "Bravo de Esmolfe" apple after normal cold storage or controlled atmosphere and two shelf life periods. Acta Horticulture 1, 395-400.
Ghafir S, Gadalla S, Murajei B, El-Nady M. 2009. Physiological and anatomical comparison between four different apple cultivars under cold-storage conditions. African Journal of Plant Science 3, 133-138.
Hribar J, Johnson D.S, Bohling H. 1996. The Post-harvest Treatment of Fruit and Vegetables: Quality Criteria. Proceedings of Workshop, Commission of the European Communities.
Kader A, Barrett D.M. 1996. Classification, composition of fruitsand postharvest maintenance of quality. Processing fruits. Science and technology 1, 1-24.
Kader A.A. 2002. Postharvest Technology Of Horticultural Crops, UCANR Publications 3311.
Kevers C, Pincemail J, Tabart J, Defraigne J, Dommes J. 2011. Influence of cultivar, harvest time, storage conditionsand peeling on the antioxidant capacity and phenolic and ascorbic acid contents of apples and pears. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 59, 6165-6171.
Kviklienė N, Kviklys D, Valiuškaitė A, Viskelis P, Uselis N, Lanauskas J, Buskiene L. 2011. Effect of harvest date on fruit maturity, quality and storability of ‘Lodel’apples. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 9, 210-213.
Kviklienė N, Valiuškaitė A. 2009. Influence of maturity stage on fruit quality during storage of ‘Shampion’ apples. Scientific Works of the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture and Lithuanian University of Agriculture Sodininkystė Ir Daržininkystė 28, 117-123.
Macheix J, Fleuriet A. 1990. Fruit phenolics. CRC press.
Meisami E, Rafiee S, Keyhani A, Tabatabaeefar A. 2009. Some physical properties of apple cv.‘Golab’. Agricultural Engineering International, CIGR Journal. Manuscript 1124.
Mosel H.D, Herrmann K. 1974. Phenolics of fruits. 4. Phenolics of blackberries and raspberries and Their changes during development and ripness of fruits. Zeitschrift fur Lebensmittel- U. Untersuchung und-Forschung 154, 324- 327.
Ough C.S, Amerine M.A. (ed). 1988. Phenolic compounds. Methods for analysis of musts and wines. John, Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
Pocharski W, Konopacka D, Zwierz J. 2000. Comparison of Magness -Taylor pressure test with mechanical, nondestructive methods of apple and pear firmness measurements. International Agrophysics 14, 311-331.
Reid M, Kader A. 2002. Maturation and maturity indices. Postharvest technology of horticultural crops. University of California, Agricultural and Natural Resources, Publication 3311.
Renard C, Dupont N, Guillermin P. 2007. Concentrations and characteristics of procyanidins and other phenolics in apples during fruit growth. Phytochemistry 68, 1128-1138.
Shah N, Khan M, Kasi A, Khair M. 2002. Post harvest and cold storage losses in apple of Balochistan. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 1, 65-66.
Scalbert A, Johnson I.T, Saltmarsh M. 2005. Polyphenols: antioxidants and beyond. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 81, 2155-2175.
Skrzynski J. 1996. Optimum harvest date study of 4 apple cultivars in southern Poland. The Postharvest Treatment of Fruit and Vegetables. Determination and Prediction of Optimum Harvest Date of Apples and Pears 94, 61-66.
Smith S.M, Geeson J.D, Martin B.K, Genge P.M, Everson H.P. 1987. Modified-atmosphere retail packaging of discovery apples. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 40, 165-178.
Veravrbeke E.A, Verboven P, Oostveldt P, Nicolai B.M. 2003. Predication of moisture loss across the cuticle of apple (Malus sylvestris supsp). Mitis (Wallr.) during storage: part 2. Model simulations and practical applications. Postharvest Biology and Technology 30, 89-97.
Weibel F, Widmer F, Husistein A. 2004. Comparison of production systems: integrated and organic apple production. Part III: Inner quality: composition and sensory. Schweizer Zeitschrift für Obst- und Weinbau 140, 10-13.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 423
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 625