|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||106,173,120|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||83,080,155|
Physico-Chemical and Genotoxicity Assessments of Palm Oil Mill Effluent Generated by a Corporate Refinery In Nigeria
|مقاله 8، دوره 4، شماره 1، فروردین 2018، صفحه 83-92 اصل مقاله (536.77 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Original Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/poll.2017.237168.293|
|Ebenezer Dada* ؛ Modupe Akinola؛ Rekiyat Haruna|
|Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Environmental Biology Unit, Faculty of Science, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.|
|The rising global demand for palm oil and its associated products has led to increased numbers of palm oil refineries with its attendant effluent discharge. Many researches have confirmed the ecological disruptive potentiality of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME), still further attention has to be directed at POME’s potential genotoxicity. The present study has made physico-chemical and genotoxicity assessments of POME from a corporate refinery in Nigeria, using the American Public Health Association (APHA) procedures along with Allium cepa root assay. Allium cepa roots were grown in graduated concentrations of POME and the roots were analyzed for chromosomal aberrations. Results suggest that POME caused growth inhibitions and chromosomal aberrations in A. cepa roots. with mitotic index of A. cepa roots dropping as POME concentrations were increased. The chromosomal aberrations induced in A. cepa were vagrant, sticky chromosomes, bi-nucleated cells, and C-mitosis. These results indicate that palm oil mill effluent is not only capable of causing ecological disruptions in the receiving environment, but is also potentially genotoxic to resident organisms. It is recommended that if effluents from palm oil mill refineries cannot be converted to other useful products and ought to be disposed of, it should first be properly treated and tested for genotoxicity.|
|Chromosomes؛ Cytotoxicity؛ Mutagenicity؛ environment|
Adegbite, A. E., and Olorode, O. (2002). Karyotype studies of three species of Aspilia thouar
(Heliantheae – Asteraceae) in Nigeria. Plant Sci Res Comm., 3, 11-26.
Ademoroti, C. M A. (2006). Standard Method for Water and Effluents Analysis. 1st Ed., Foludex Press Ltd., Ibadan.
Alam, M. Z., Jamal, P. and Nadzir, M.M. (2008). Bioconversion of palm oil mill effluent for citric acid production: statistical optimization of fermentation media and time by central composite design. Wor J. Microbio. Biotech., 24, 1177-1185.
American Public Health Association, APHA, (1998). American Standard Methods for Examinations of Water and Wastewater. 19th Ed. American Public Health Association (APHA)-American Water Works Association (AWWA)-American Pollution Control Federaation (WPCF), Washinghton, D. C.
Awotoye, O. O., Dada, A. C. and Arawomo, G. A. O. (2011). Impact of palm oil processing effluent discharging on the quality of receiving soil and rivers in South western Nigeria. J. Appl. Sci. Res., 7(2), 111-118.
Basiron, Y. and Weng, C. K. (2004). The oil palm and its sustainability. J. Oil Palm Res., 16(1), 1-10.
Fiskesjo, G (1997). Allium test for screening chemicals: Evaluation of cytological parameters: In Plant for environmental studies. Environ. Toxico., 16, 391-398.
Fiskesjo, G. and Levan, A. (1993). Evaluation of the first ten MEIC chemicals in the Allium test. Alterna Lab. Ani. Res., 21, 139-149.
Glinska, S., Bartczak, M., Oleksiaka, S. Wolska, A., Gabara, B. and Posmyk, M. (2007). Effects of anthocyanin-rich extract from red cabbage leaves on meristematic cells of Allium cepa L. roots treated with heavy metals. Ecotoxicol Environ. Saf., 68, 343-350.
Gopalan, H. N. (1999). Ecosystem health and human wellbeing: the mission of the international programme on plant bioassays. Muta. Res., 426(2), 99-102.
Grant, W. F. (1999). Higher plant assays for the detection of chromosomal aberrations and gene mutations: a brief historical background on their use for screening and monitoring environmental chemicals. Muta. Res.,426, 107-112.
Gutiérrez, L. F., Sánchez, O. J. and Cardona, C. A. (2009). Process integration possibilities for biodiesel production from palm oil using ethanol obtained from lignocellulosic residues of oil palm industry. Biores. Techn., 100(3), 1227-1237.
Hartley, C. N. S. (1988). The Oil Palm. Longman Scientific and Technical, UK, 3rd Ed., pp 14-17.
Igwe, J. C. and Onyegbado, C. C. (2007). A review of palm oil mill effluent (POME) water treatment. Global J. Environ. Res., 1(2), 54-62.
Johnson, F. M. (1998). The genetic effects of environmental lead. Rev. Muta Res., 410, 123-140.
Madaki, Y. S. and Seng, L. (2013). Palm oil mill effluent (POME) from Malaysia palm oil mills: waste or resource. Inter. J. Sci., Environ. Tech., 2(6), 1138-1155.
Nwoko, C. O., Peter-Onoh, C. and Ogunyemi, S. (2012). Plant nutrient recovery following palm oil mill effluent soil amendment in a maize (Zea mays) grown in screen house experiment. Inter. J. Agric Rural Dev., 15(2), 1109-1118.
Odeigah, P. G., Ijimakinwa, J. Lawal, B. and Oyeniyi, R. (1997). Genotoxicity screening of leachates from solid industrial wastes evaluated with the Allium test. Atlas, 25, 311-321.
Ohimain, E. I., Seiyaboh, E. I., Izah, S. C., Oghenegueke, E. V. and Perewarebo, G. T. (2012). Some selected physico-chemical and heavy metal properties of palm oil mill effluents. Greener J. Phy. Sci., 2(4), 131-137.
Okwute, L. O. and Isu, N. R. (2007). The environmental impact of palm oil mill effluent (POME) on some physico-chemical parameters and total aerobic bioload of soil atb a dump site in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria. Afri. J. Agric. Res., 2(12), 656-662.
Olorunfemi, D. I., Ogieseri, U. M. and Akinboro, A. (2011). Genotoxicity screening of industrial effluents using onion bulbs (Allium cepa L.). J. Appl Environ. Sci., 15(1), 211-216.
Otti, V. I., Ifeanyichukwu, H. I., Nwaorum, F. C. and Ogbuagu, F. U. (2014). Sustainable oil palm management in engineering development. Civil Environ. Res., 6(5), 121-125.
Parveen, F. R. (2010). Review of current palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment methods: vermicomposting as a sustainable practice. Worl Appl. Sci. J., 11(1), 70-81.
Rank, J. and Nelson, M. H. (1994). Evaluation of the Allium anaphase-telophase test in relation to genotoxicity screening of industrial wastewater. Mut. Res., 3, 17-24.
Rupani, P. F., Ibrahim, M.H. and Ismail, S. A. (2013). Vermicomposting bio-technology: recyling of palm oil mill wastes into valuable products. Inter. J. Recyc. Orga. Waste in Agric., 2, (10). DOI 10.1186/2251-7715-2-10. <www.ijrowa.com/content/2/1/10> Accessed 9/06/2016.
Rupani, P. F., Singh, R. P., Ibrahim, M. H. and Esa, N. (2010). Review of current palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment methods: vermicomposting as a sustainable practice. Worl. Appl. Sci. J., 11(1), 70-81.
Syirat Z. B., Ibrahim, M. H., Astimar, A. A. and Hayawin, Z. N. (2014). Changes in characteristics and physicochemical through vermicomposting of Pome Sludge by epigeic earthworm E. eugeniae. Adv. Mate. Res., 970, 304-307.
Thailand Department of Industrial Works, TDIW, (1997). Environ. Management Guideline for the Palm Oil Industry. Thailand, PN 2000.2265.5-001.00, 75 pp.
Zhang, Y. and Yang, X. (1994). The toxic effects of cadmium on cell division and chromosomal morphology of Hordeum vulgare. Muta., Res., 312, 121-126.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 801
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 605