|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||107,973,684|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||84,377,416|
Analysis of The Impact of Window Properties On the Main Living Space with The Aim of Daylight Efficiency and Energy Saving in The Hot and Dry Climate of Isfahan
|Journal of Solar Energy Research|
|دوره 8، شماره 1، فروردین 2023، صفحه 1235-1249 اصل مقاله (1.05 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Original Article|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/jser.2022.349312.1258|
|Reza Mokhtari؛ Narges Dehghan* ؛ Abbas Maleki|
|Department of Architecture, Advancement in Architecture and Urban Planning Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.|
|Today, considering that the building sector accounts for approximately 30% of the total global energy consumption, the approach of the sustainable architecture model is more emphasized in this area. Windows, as one of the main building elements, play a crucial role in absorbing enough daylight to improve interior space quality and to reduce energy consumption. Therefore, this study aims to design the window optimally considering four window variables, including window-to-floor ratio (WFR), as well as the position and shape of windows in the north and south façades of residential areas in Isfahan City. Finally, the findings indicate the impact of each parameter on daylight and energy consumption by simulating it in the DesignBuilder software. For example, a window with 50% WFR and rectangular shape (ratio of 1:1.5) at the top position of the south façade has optimal conditions in terms of static daylight metrics; however, the same window position at the bottom and middle of the façade will not have acceptable conditions in terms of the metrics. Obviously, other scenarios are not exempt from this rule, and it is complicated to select an optimal model. Consequently, by considering several metrics and evaluating them, it can be claimed that a rectangular window with 40% WFR in the south façade with a ratio of 1:2 at the top position of the façade can provide the optimum model in terms of suitable daylight and energy saving for a residential space in Isfahan and the general requirements of daylighting of the National Building Regulations should be examined considering the proposed glazing to floor ratio and the climate of each region.|
|Window-to-floor ratio (WFR)؛ Shape of a window؛ Position of a window؛ Residential building؛ Daylight savings؛ Energy consumption؛ Isfahan|
 P. Pracki, The impact of room and luminaire characteristics on general lighting in interiors, Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Technical Sciences, 68 (3) (2020) 447-457.
 T. Kaasalainen, A. Mäkinen, T. Lehtinen, M. Moisio, J. Vinha, Architectural window design and energy efficiency: Impacts on heating, cooling and lighting needs in Finnish climates, Journal of Building Engineering, 27 (2020) 100996.
 U.S.E.I. Administration, How much energy is consumed in U.S. buildings?, in, U.S. Energy Information Administration, https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=86&t=1, 2021.
 U.S.E.I. Administration, Residential Sector Energy Consumption, in, U.S. Energy Information Administration https://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/, 2021.
 M.A. Fasi, I.M. Budaiwi, Energy performance of windows in office buildings considering daylight integration and visual comfort in hot climates, Energy and Buildings, 108 (2015) 307-316.
 R. Bokel, The effect of window position and window size on the energy demand for heating, cooling and electric lighting, in: Building Simulation, BS Delft, 2007.
 P. Ihm, A. Nemri, M. Krarti, Estimation of lighting energy savings from daylighting, Building and Environment, 44 (3) (2009) 509-514.
 A. Pellegrino, S. Cammarano, V.R.M. Lo Verso, V. Corrado, Impact of daylighting on total energy use in offices of varying architectural features in Italy: Results from a parametric study, Building and Environment, 113 (2017) 151-162.
 M. Arbab, M. Mahdavinejad, M. Bemanian, Comparative Study on New lighting Technologies and Buildings Plans for High-performance Architecture, Journal of Solar Energy Research, 5 (4) (2020) 580-593.
 A. Tabadkani, A. Tsangrassoulis, A. Roetzel, H.X. Li, Innovative control approaches to assess energy implications of adaptive facades based on simulation using EnergyPlus, Solar energy, 206 (2020) 256-268.
 A. Tabadkani, A. Roetzel, H.X. Li, A. Tsangrassoulis, S. Attia, Analysis of the impact of automatic shading control scenarios on occupant’s comfort and energy load, Applied energy, 294 (2021) 116904.
 X. Yu, Y. Su, Daylight availability assessment and its potential energy saving estimation –A literature review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 52 (2015) 494-503.
 I. Konstantzos, S.A. Sadeghi, M. Kim, J. Xiong, A. Tzempelikos, The effect of lighting environment on task performance in buildings – A review, Energy and Buildings, 226 (2020) 110394.
 A. Dahlan, M. Eissa, The impact of daylighting in classrooms on students' performance, International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE), 4 (6) (2015) 7-9.
 R. Kaplan, The role of nature in the context of the workplace, Landscape and urban planning, 26 (1-4) (1993) 193-201.
 M. Bodart, A. De Herde, Global energy savings in offices buildings by the use of daylighting, Energy and buildings, 34 (5) (2002) 421-429.
 R.A. Mangkuto, F. Feradi, R.E. Putra, R.T. Atmodipoero, F. Favero, Optimisation of daylight admission based on modifications of light shelf design parameters, Journal of Building Engineering, 18 (2018) 195-209.
 A. Hashemloo, M. Inanici, C. Meek, GlareShade: a visual comfort-based approach to occupant-centric shading systems, Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 9 (4) (2016) 351-365.
 M. Bina, Z. Zabi, Optimization of office building window lighting in Ahvaz, Journal of Solar Energy Research, 6 (1) (2021) 634-647.
 I. Acosta, M.Á. Campano, J.F. Molina, Window design in architecture: Analysis of energy savings for lighting and visual comfort in residential spaces, Applied Energy, 168 (2016) 493-506.
 L. Vanhoutteghem, G.C.J. Skarning, C.A. Hviid, S. Svendsen, Impact of façade window design on energy, daylighting and thermal comfort in nearly zero-energy houses, Energy and Buildings, 102 (2015) 149-156.
 J.-W. Lee, H.-J. Jung, J.-Y. Park, J. Lee, Y. Yoon, Optimization of building window system in Asian regions by analyzing solar heat gain and daylighting elements, Renewable energy, 50 (2013) 522-531.
 S. Grynning, A. Gustavsen, B. Time, B.P. Jelle, Windows in the buildings of tomorrow: Energy losers or energy gainers?, Energy and Buildings, 61 (2013) 185-192.
 K. Alhagla, A. Mansour, R. Elbassuoni, Optimizing windows for enhancing daylighting performance and energy saving, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 58 (1) (2019) 283-290.
 N. Maftouni, M. Askari, Solar radiation control using electrochromic smart windows, an approach toward building energy optimization, Journal of Solar Energy Research, 5 (2) (2020) 382-389.
 T.d. Rubeis, I. Nardi, M. Muttillo, S. Ranieri, D. Ambrosini, Room and window geometry influence for daylight harvesting maximization – Effects on energy savings in an academic classroom, Energy Procedia, 148 (2018) 1090-1097.
 E. Ghisi, J.A. Tinker, An Ideal Window Area concept for energy efficient integration of daylight and artificial light in buildings, Building and Environment, 40 (1) (2005) 51-61.
 S. Carlucci, F. Causone, F. De Rosa, L. Pagliano, A review of indices for assessing visual comfort with a view to their use in optimization processes to support building integrated design, Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 47 (2015) 1016-1033.
 M.o.R.a.U.D.D.o.h.a. Construction, Iran's National Building Regulations and Laws, Book no. 4, General Building Requirements, 2013.
 C. Pierson, J. Wienold, M. Bodart, Review of factors influencing discomfort glare perception from daylight, Leukos, 14 (3) (2018) 111-148.
 J. Wienold, J. Christoffersen, Towards a new daylight glare rating, Lux Europa, Berlin, (2005) 157-161.
 A. Maleki, N. Dehghan, Optimization of energy consumption and daylight performance in residential building regarding windows design in hot and dry climate of Isfahan, Science and Technology for the Built Environment, 27 (3) (2020) 351-366.
 A. Maleki, N. Dehghan, Optimum Characteristics of Windows in an Office Building in Isfahan for Save Energy and Preserve Visual Comfort, Journal of Daylighting, 8 (2) (2021) 222-238.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 297
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 183