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تحلیل شاخصهای کیفیت زندگی در محلات شهری (مطالعۀ موردی: شهر کوهبنان)
|پژوهشهای جغرافیای انسانی|
|مقاله 3، دوره 53، شماره 2، تیر 1400، صفحه 409-426 اصل مقاله (1 M)|
|نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/jhgr.2020.258930.1007714|
|محمود قدیری* 1؛ حسن حکمتنیا2؛ مریم سیف الهی3|
|1استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور|
|2دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور|
|3کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور|
|کیفیت زندگی شهری یکی از مهمترین حوزههای مطالعات شهری در کشورهای مختلف از جمله در ایران است. این مهم به دلیل اهمیت روزافزون مطالعات کیفیت زندگی در پایش سیاستهای عمومی و نقش آن همچون ابزاری کارآمد در مدیریت و برنامهریزی شهری است. بر این اساس، هدف از این پژوهشتحلیل چگونگی شاخصهای کیفیت زندگی محلات شهر کوهبنان در چارچوب روش توصیفی- تحلیلی است. مفهوم کیفیت زندگی در ۴ بُعد، ۸ مؤلفه، و ۲۹ شاخص تعریف عملیاتی شد. دادههای مورد نیاز به روش میدانی و با استفاده از پرسشنام» خانوار گردآوری شد. حجم نمونه به روش کوکران و برابر با ۳۷۷ خانوار تعیین شد و نمونهگیری به روش تصادفی- سیستماتیک انجام گرفت. تحلیل دادهها نیز با استفاده از آمار توصیفی، مدل ANP، مدل همپوشانی فازی، تحلیل واریانس یکطرفه، و روش tاستودنت انجام شد. مطابق نتایج، که بیانگر وجود تفاوت در کیفیت زندگی محلات شهر کوهبنان و محرومیت محلة دهمیر است، این محله باید در اولویت رسیدگی و برنامهریزی قرار گیرد. در این زمینه قراردادن متغیرهای سن و درآمد در کانون توجه با توجه به وجود ارتباط مستقیم و معنادار آن با کیفیت زندگی ضروری است. بهعلاوه، با توجه به اینکه عوامل میزان درآمد، دسترسی به امکانات بهداشتی، و فرصتهای شغلی در بین سایر عوامل بررسیشده تأثیر بیشتری در کیفیت زندگی شهر کوهبنان داشتهاند، لازم است این عوامل نیز در اولویت رسیدگی و برنامهریزی قرار گیرند. نتیجه اینکه در شناخت و بهبود کیفیت زندگی لازم است شرایط محلی، اجتماعی، و محیطی هر شهر بهخوبی مورد توجه قرار گیرد.|
|شهر کوهبنان؛ کیفیت زندگی؛ محلات شهری|
|عنوان مقاله [English]|
|Analyzing the Quality of Life Indicators in Urban neighborhoods Case Study: Koh-Banan City|
|Mahmoud Ghadiri1؛ Hassan Hekmatnia2؛ Maryam Seifollahi3|
|1Payame Noor University|
|2Payame Noor University|
|3Payame Noor University|
|Analyzing the Quality of Life Indicators in Urban neighborhoods|
Case Study: Koh-Banan City
Cities were quickly developed after the industrial revolution. As the population increased, various socio-economic problems also increased in the cities. these problems in return caused dangerous effects not only on environment but also on soul and body of inhabitants. In response to these problems and crisis, new concepts and procedures were suggested for future developments. Some of these concepts are: sustainable development, bio-environmental justice, new urbanism and more recently intelligent growth. Also, in recent years, serious attention to the sustainable development of city officials and urban planners at different levels of social, economic and cultural, tangible aspects of urban life and lower levels (neighborhood) has attracted. So, the attention to the importance of sustainable development neighborhood is very important. Therefore, understanding and analyzing of sustainability of cities and their inside differences including Kuh-Bānan city, is necessary for sustainable development.
After the rapid population growth in the Iranian cities, these cities have experienced great changes. The rapid growth of urbanization in recent decades and neglect of the qualitative aspects of human life have had adverse consequences on the individual and social health of cities. The concept of quality of life was provided by Remington Bauer for the concept of quality of life in the late 20th century. Quality of life is generally recognized as satisfying life, happiness and prosperity, well-being and comfort, and reflects the level of expectation of human needs. The purpose of the concept of urban quality of life is to achieve urban development, especially sustainable development, to achieve prosperity and appropriate use of facilities. Quality of life has different meanings for individuals and groups. Some have interpreted it as an area's viability, others have been interpreted as measures for the level of attractiveness, and some as general welfare, social welfare, happiness, satisfaction, etc. Kowastanza et al. (2007) define quality of life as the level of human needs in relation to the perceptions of individuals and groups of mental well-being. Das (2008) defines the quality of life as a well-being or a poor state of the people and their living environment.
So, the purpose of this study is analyzing the quality of life indicators of Kohbanan city based on a descriptive-analytical research, which has been studied social, economic, physical and environmental indicators in different districts of the city.
The present study is a descriptive-analytical case-based documentary-field study. In the main part of the study, a survey method has been used on Kohbanan city. Kohbanan city have three neighborhoods, includes: Ansar, Dameer and Taleghani neighborhoods. The sample size was determined by the Cochran method and equated to 377 households. Hence, using the appropriate allocation of the population (households) of each neighborhood, the questionnaire was distributed among households as well. In this research, we use the ANP and Fuzzy logic and T-test method. Then, based on the theoretical foundations of the research, the concept of quality of life was defined and operationalized in 4 dimensions, 8 components and 29 indicators. ArcGIS, ANP and fuzzy logic have been used to analyze the spatial distribution of quality of life in neighborhoods.
Results and Conclusion
The results of the analysis of the questionnaires and the output of the models used indicate that the Ansar neighborhood with a total area of 301021 square meters and a normal weight of 0.426 is more than other areas of Koh-Banan. This suggests that in the Ansar neighborhood quality of life is at a higher level. Consequently, citizens have been satisfied with the quality of life and their efficiency. Also, Taleghani neighborhood with an area of 133029 square meters and a normal weight of 0.339 is moderate in terms of quality of life indicators, and satisfaction in Dameer neighborhood with a coefficient of 0.233 is lower than standard, and in fact their residents have lower quality of life Who need more service and welfare. The t-test student method has also been used to analyze the influence the quality of life indicators on the Koh-Banan neighborhoods. Among the indicators used, the index of income in the economic dimension, with an average of 3.83, has been ranked first. The second is allocated to The social dimension related to the access to health facilities with average 3.23. the lowest is the satisfaction of the waste disposal system and the waste collection system with an average of 0.775 which shows the greatest impact on the quality of life. So, by strengthening the index of waste disposal systems and waste collection, we can influence to improve the quality of life in the city Kuh-Banan increase.
According to the results of the dissatisfaction of residents in the two urban neighborhoods (Ansar and Dmitry) Kuh-Banan, urban neighborhoods in terms of quality of life and their degree of satisfaction can be seen as a kind of classification and disparity, and this issue is necessary for the proper organization and satisfaction of citizens to redefine the quality of life with a fair approach from the receiving institutions.
The results showed that there is Inequality and differences between various areas of Kuh-Banan city. So, reduction of these inequalities (in social, economic, environmental and physical aspects) is necessary for actual sustainability of Boushehr city. Finally, in order to improve the quality of life in the city, it is suggested that the fair distribution of service as well as the development of health and medical facilities be in the center of planning. In this relation, we must prioritize the area and indexes that have lowest level of sustainability. Also, it is necessary to select reliable indexes for specific cities, because the assessment of sustainability is depended on selected indexes seriously.
Keywords: quality of life, Urbun neighborhoods, Kuh-Banan city,
|quality of life, Urbun neighborhoods, Decision making, development, Kuh-Banan city|
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