|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||106,221,892|
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Identifying and explaining the effects of drought in rural areas in Iran from viewpoints of farmers (Case Study: Esfejin village, Zanjan county)
|مقاله 7، دوره 21، شماره 1، فروردین 2016، صفحه 56-64 اصل مقاله (507.23 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/jdesert.2016.58318|
|Rohollah Rezaei* 1؛ Ehsan Gholifar2؛ Leila Safa3|
|1Associate Professor of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Iran|
|2PhD Student Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Tarbiat Modares University- Iran|
|3Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Iran|
|The main purpose of this study was to identify and explain the effects of drought in rural areas of Iran. The statistical population of this study consisted of all the heads of households of Esfejin village in Zanjan County (N = 2932). A sample of 340 persons was selected using a method of simple random sampling. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews with respondents based on a structured questionnaire. A pilot study was conducted to establish reliability of the questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used for the main scale of questionnaire, which scored more than 0.75, confirming its appropriate reliability. The results revealed that four factors can be considered as important for identifying and explaining the effects of drought in Esfejin village and these factors were economic, environmental, social and psychological. The findings of this study contribute to a better understanding of the effects of drought in rural areas and can be implemented in future planning of proper programs to overcome these effects.|
|Drought؛ effects؛ Zanjan County؛ Iran|
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